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Itinerary: Grodno Duration: 2 daysAll over Belarus there are places commemorating the tragic events in the life of the Jews during World War II Holocaust. Visiting small towns one can still see traditional Jewish residential areas and the building of Synagogues. In 1939 there lived 375,000 Jews in Belarus (according to the general census of the population). The total number of Jews living on the territory of Belarus before World War II was 990,000. During World War II there were 163 ghettos on the territory of 153 populated areas of Belarus. The largest ghettos were: more than 100,000 in Minsk, the second place after Lvov ghetto (136,000); more than 34,000 – in Brest (2 ghettos), more than 25,000 in Grodno (2 ghettos), more than 30,000 - in Slonim, more than 25,000 – in Novogrudok (2 ghettos), more than 20,000 in Bobruysk (2 ghettos), more than 20,000 in Vitebsk, more than 10,000 in Volkovysk, more than 15,000 in Baranovichi. More than 15,000 Jews participated in guerrilla and antifascist movements during World War II and 721 guerrillas of Jewish nationality were killed. The first after-war census of the population took place in Belarus in 1959 and the numbers of Jews was 150,000. During World War II, Grodno was the second largest city in Bialystok bezirk with a population of 50,000, about half of whom were Jewish. Jews were ghettoized on 1 November 1941. Ghetto 1 was in the old part of Grodno, the other on the road to Skidel. Ghetto 1 encompassed the synagogue neighborhood and held about 15,000 Jews. A two-meter high fence surrounded the area, running though backyards of houses along Dominikanska Street (Hindenburg St.). The entrance was in Zamkow (Castle St.) and Chasna (Butchers' Lane/Shuster St.) Front entrances on those streets could not be used. Ghetto 2 was beyond the railroad tracks on the right side of the Skidel road in Slobotka. 10,000 Jews were confined in an area physically larger than Ghetto 1 but with fewer houses. Fenced along Skidel Road, the entrance was at Artillery St. (Kraemer St.) facing the market square and Grodno barracks. The judenrat had a branch in Ghetto 2. Deportations began on 2 November 1942 when the ghetto was sealed. Workers were gathered at the transit camp Kelbasin about 10 km from Grodno near Losossna train station. Ghetto 2 primarily held skilled workers. Ghetto 1 liquidations were large in January and February 1943. From 18 January 1943 and for five days, 10,000 Jews were sent to Auschwitz. On 13 February 1943, 5,000 Jews were sent to Treblinka. These people were taken from the synagogue, their homes searched. Random shots to intimidate were fired into the synagogue, hitting light fixtures, a clock and random Jews. About the middle of March 1943, "useful" Jews were sent to Bialystok, leaving Ghetto 1 "judenrein." Twelve to fifteen Jews remained in Grodno to work for the Gestapo. They were reportedly killed, except for one, during the Russian offensive.Transports were called "RSHA transports by the Germans. The Auschwitz museum has records of these transports (No. 3), testifying to the murders of the Jews of Grodno, Sokolka, Wolkowysk, and Pruzhany.In Dyatlovo is a Jewish Memorial to the Ghetto victims. There were killed 3000 of Jewish nationality. In Wolkovysk you will visit a Jewish Memorial to the Ghetto victims. During 1941-1942 were killed 4000 of Jewish nationality in the town.In Stanevichi is a Jewish Memorial to the Ghetto victims. There were killed 2524 of Jewish nationality. In Mir (130 km of Minsk) visitors can see the 16th century castle. From 1617 to 1939, a famous Yeshiva was situated in Mir. The sightseeing itinerary includes a complex of cold and heated Synagogues, a Jewish bank, Jewish shops and dwelling houses. During WW II, a Jewish Ghetto was situated within the territory of Mir castle.In Lida is a Jewish Memorial to the Ghetto victims. There were killed 5670 of Jewish nationality.In Novogrudok is a Jewish Memorial to the Ghetto victims. In Slonim, Zheludok, Ostrino are Jewish Memorials to the Ghetto victims.ProgrammeDay 1Arrival in GrodnoTransfer to the hotel with guide assistanceCheck-in at the hotel in the centre of the cityTime at leisureDinnerDay 2BreakfestSightseeing tour of GrodnoDyatlovo Wolkovysk StanevichiMirDinnerLida Novogrudok SlonimZheludokOstrinoArrival in GrodnoSupper Cost according to demands.The cost included: entrance visa, full board and lodging, a guide, transfer, passage service, bus and excursion service, entrance tickets to the museumsThe company leaves the right to make some alterations in the program without decreasing whole volume and quality of services.
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